The Major Issues with the Colorado River Compact
The Colorado River Compact allocates Nevada 300,000 acre-feet of the river’s water. By far, this quantity represents the smallest amount among the compact’s seven U.S. states. Drought conditions reduce the amount of water available. Also, climate change decreases snowpack in the Rocky Mountains that feed the Colorado River. Additionally, increased evaporation in reservoirs leads to even lesser supplies of water.
On top of that, the Colorado River Compact is inherently flawed. The fact remains: the original negotiators overestimated the amount of water available in the first place. They based the original water determination on an unusually wet period. They failed to take dry periods into account. It is true, the compact allocates less water than has ever been available.
There is only way to fix the river’s fundamental supply-demand problem. We need to create a new Colorado River Compact.